ARK Veterinary Services

1301 E. Missouri
Evansville, IN 47711

(812)424-8968

arkveterinaryservice.com

BREEDING 101

While the basic philosophy of ARK Veterinary Services, Inc. firmly believes in spay and neuter, we cannot deny that there are many people who want to breed their pets.  While we can give our clients all the information as to why it is best to have this important surgery such as, to help prevent the pet overpopulation, reproductive cancers, and unwanted behaviors, it of course is still up to the owners of these pets.  So we have decided that if a client wants to breed their pet than they should have the correct and proper information available to them to assist them in the best breeding program they can attain.

There are many different reasons why people want or believe they should breed.  We will focus mainly on dogs, however we have plenty of information on other species (if you would like more information on a specific animal.)  So lets take a look at a few different reasons why some people want to breed.   

My dog is so wonderful that I want to reproduce a dog with her looks/temperament. 

Without knowing your dog’s genetic history, there is no guarantee that her offspring won’t carry serious, maybe fatal, health conditions. There is also no guarantee that they will behave anything like the dog you cherish.  There may be aggressive tendencies in the line.  Do you know what genetic problems your dogs pedigree carries?  See this article "Breeds Apart"

I want my children to witness the miracle of birth.

Borrow a video from the library, rent a DVD, or foster a pregnant animal from a shelter or rescue group.  For each and every story of a successful whelping there is a matching story of breech births and other complications that can kill your dog.  Some first-time mothers kill and eat their offspring.

I want to make back the money on my dog. 

THE most inadequate reason of all!  When done responsibly you are going to most likely lose money or just break even.  Vet bills for your dog and the puppies are very expensive.   Health checks (remember, you need a *lot* more than regular vet exams) can run into the $1,000s, along with the deworming, vaccinations and exams that are required.  If anything goes wrong, that figure can skyrocket.  C-sections, still born pups and other difficulties can bring the total up even more. 

"PAPERS"

What "Papers" are ONLY a piece of paper with some numbers; much like our social security number.                          
This number DOES NOT guarantee health, breeding, temperament, and even in some cases a purebred animal.  Also, anyone can make up legitimate looking registry.  We see several new registeries every month in our office.  It requires a piece of paper and a mailbox to receive the registration fee you send.  That is it, plain and simple.

This is directly from the AKC website.....

AKC Registration and Quality There is a widely held belief that "AKC" or "AKC papers" guarantee the quality of a dog. This is not the case. AKC is a registry body. A registration certificate identifies the dog as the offspring of a known sire and dam, born on a known date. 

It in no way indicates the quality or state of health of the dog. Quality in the sense of "show quality" is determined by many factors including the dog's health, physical condition, ability to move and appearance. Breeders breeding show stock are trying to produce animals that closely resemble the description of perfection described in the breed standard. Many people breed their dogs with no concern for the qualitative demands of the breed standard. 

When this occurs repeatedly over several generations, the animals, while still purebred, can be of extremely low quality. Before buying a dog, you should investigate the dog's parentage (including titles, DNA and pedigree information), the breeder's breeding practices, the breed standard, and the genetic tests recommended by the Parent Club for the breed. For more information, go to About Buying a Dog and visit the Parent Club website.

 

WHY BREED?

        
Here are is a partial list of reasons a reputable breeder would breed a female and male dog.

GOOD REASONS TO BREED YOUR BITCH

1. Your bitch has a good pedigree with many champions who are also sound of mind, body, health and longevity. She has tested clear of all indigenous inherited problems and is herself sound of mind, body and health. She has correct conformation with no major or disqualifying faults and is outstanding in at least a couple of conformation traits.

2. You wish to improve the breed and select a stud that is her equal or better in all of the above listed traits and who does not share any common faults with your bitch.

3. You have a better than good chance to place each pup in the home that is right for it.

4. You have the funds to properly care for and raise the litter and to handle any unforeseen emergencies that may arise.

5.You have the facilities and finances to properly house and care for a bitch and a large litter even if the puppies are still residents at 6 months of age.

6. You have the knowledge and integrity to properly evaluate your litter and will stand behind 
every sale with some type of health and temperament guarantee.

7. You are not only willing, but insist in writing in the contract, that if, for any reason the pup cannot be kept (at whatever age) you will take it back or assist in finding the right home.

8. There is a waiting list for the pups due to the breeder’s reputation for healthy, emotionally stable dogs.

WHEN SHOULD A MALE BE BRED?

First, as for a pet bitch, a pet male should not be bred and for all the same reasons. If he is not to be bred, he should be altered. He should be altered to reduce the chance for testicular or prostrate cancer. He should be altered to prevent him from being upset and stressed if a neighborhood bitch is in season. A male will smell this from far away! He should be altered so that he will never be responsible for a litter when someone is careless, leaves the door open and he's off to mate with that in season bitch! HE won't care that he's been altered, 
he'll be much happier and more content without the stress of overactive hormones that should never be satisfied.

1. When he is superior in conformation, temperament and health to most of the males in his breed. Whether this fact is established by showing him to his championship or by having him evaluated by others knowledgeable in the breed is of no consequence.

2. When he has passed all the health screenings for the bitch mentioned above.

3. When you've decided if you can live with a male who, once he's been used at stud, may suddenly forget his housebreaking lessons and start marking the sofa with urine.

4. When you are knowledgeable enough about pedigrees, conformation, health and temperament to know if the bitch being presented to him is a good match, or have a knowledgeable mentor who does.

5. When you have the fortitude and tact to turn down a bitch if you don't feel it would be a good breeding or if you don't feel she's of breeding quality.

6.When you could sincerely suggest a stud whom you feel would be a better match for a bitch who is brought to your dog.

 If you would like more information on a specific breed or have any questions in general please call ARK!




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